NeoClassicism and Romanticism 1740-1850
These two styles of painting
were considered enemies. One wanted to portray the absolute truth
of life and the other wanted to depict reality through images of the wild and raw emotions that
prevailed after the Revolution. A vast gulf existed between them and the debate was often long
and bitter, but in the end Romanticism emerged as the dominant style of this period.
born out of a rejection of the Rocco and late Baroque styles in the middle of
the 18th century. These artists wanted a style that could convey serious moral ideas such as
justice, honor, and patriotism. The movement was a profoundly educational one, for its devotees
believed that the fine arts could and should spread knowledge and enlightenment.
in the same era but its approach had to do with the modern rather than the
antique. It was about wildness and expression rather than control. Romantic artists had no fixed
laws relating to beauty and properties of subject matter. Instead, Romanticism was a creative
outlook, a way of life.
|Neoclassicism: keyword:REASON||Romanticism: keyword: PASSION|
|Nature is defined as human nature||Nature is defined as natural environment (woods, mountains, etc)|
|Society more important than individual||Individual more important than society|
|Rules and order||Freedom|
|Mechanical form (imposed from outside)||Organic form (growing from inside)|
|Attempted objectivity||Accepted subjectivity|
|Town or cultivated landscape||Country, preferably untouched nature|
|Cultivated, formal, social||the primitive becomes focus|
|Jacques-Louis David: Paris & Helen, 1788||Antonio Canova: Cupid & Psyche, 1793||JMW Turner, The Slave Ship, 1840||Antoine Wiertz, The Reader of Novels, 1853|